Organization of Islamic Cooperation Humanitarian Coordination Office-Somalia is in operation since 2011. It was established to coordinate relief efforts during 2010-11draughts and the famine that followed. It works closely with a coalition of 47 members of Muslim NGOs. During relief efforts, it was characterized by efficiency in service delivery and elimination of potential overlap. It ensured access to most current information for speedy action in the appropriate locations through regular information sharing meetings. The draughts have left some 1.1 million people displaced, living in inhumane homeless situation. The displaced people are still spread across different parts of Mogadishu and in other parties of Somalia. OIC is directing its efforts to put an end to protracted displacement in Somalia.

Livelihood & VRP Department

OIC Humanitarian Coordination Office is a field office of OIC.

Initially the Department was the Food Distribution Department which was entirely focused in a successful delivery of aid to affected IDPs during the draughts and famines that followed.

The Department coordinated efforts of a coalition of 47 members. Draughts have subsided, however, the effects have not. Hence, OIC launched in 2013 the Livelihood & VRP Department to respond to recovery and development needs of Somali People. OIC aims at contributing to various areas of development.

Department Objectives:

–      Return of IDPs to village of origin

–      Poverty Reduction and improve food security

–      Returnees livelihood sources diversification

–      Promotion of self-sufficiency and elimination of aid dependency

–      Strengthen community capacity to realize sustainability

–      Strengthen community cohesion and cooperation

–      Promotion of peace building, human rights and social justice

–      Returnees become contributors to national economy growth


Livelihood VRP Department’s approach is delivery of service considering deliverance of programs complementary to traditional livelihood sources.

In addition to enhancing livestock keeping and farming, villagers could engage in other sources of livelihood such as mat weaving, basket making/weaving & other hand crafts, bee keeping, leather production(shoe & hand bag making) and wood work (wood utensils) production. Vocational training of youth in carpentry, masonry, electrician, etc

Sustainable livelihood pillars:

–      Quality education for all children

–      Education & vocational training for youth who missed education

–      Improved health care services

–      Reasonable infrastructure

Livelihood Framework

–      Livelihood analysis pre and post conflict

–      Government policy impact on livelihood

–      Technology

OIC Methodology

OIC plans to lead to economical self-sufficiency by offering following programming:

  1. Education:

–      Construction of new schools to enhance enrolment

–      Support schools through provision of running cost

–      Support with curriculum development

–      Teacher training

–      Vocational training for skills development

  1. Community Economic Development

–      Micro finance for small projects for youth and women

–      Skills development with start up funds

–      Introduction of revolving loans

  1. Exploration of Natural Resources
  2. Fishing

–      Exploring fishing opportunities

–      Promotion of fishery industry in coastal areas

–      Creation of fish markets

  1. Frankincense

–      Enhance its production

–      Explore different varieties

–      Explore oil extraction possibilities

–      Marketing varieties to different markets

  1. Research

Researching various livelihood sources for potential

  1. Development of Agricultural Practices
  • Agriculture development through offering seeds and fertilizers to increase yield
  • Construction and rehabilitation of canals
  • Beehives for honey production
    1. Animal husbandry

    –      Training framers on efficient milk production ways

    –      Proper milk storage and transportation

    –      Introduction of new dairy products

    1. Small Industries

    –      Small industries mainstreaming

    –      Set up of manufacturing funds for young entrepreneurs

    –      Promotion of small industries in farming regions for production of caned agricultural products

    –      Introduction of leather production in livestock keeping areas

    –      Production of dairy products

    1. Awareness Raising and Community Education

    –      Train farmers on increasing farming production, marketing and storage

    –      Promotion of self sufficiency and planning for future

    –      Food security mainstreaming


    1. Coalition Coordination

    Coordinate information sharing among coalition members and with international organizations